Home, John

Home, John
   Scottish soldier, playwright and clergyman, he was born in Leith, Edinburgh, and educated at Edinburgh University around 1742. He fought with the government army (he held the rank of lieutenant) at the time of the Jacobite Rebellion (1745). Captured at the Battle of Falkirk (1746), he made a daring escape from Doune Castle, Perthshire. He was minister at Athelstaneford, East Lothian, from 1747 to 1757. His play Douglas was produced in Edinburgh in 1756. David Garrick produced Douglas in 1759 and two other of Home's plays, Fatal Discovery (1769) and Alonzo (1773). Douglas was a great success, but it caused offense to the Church authorities, so he resigned. He became private secretary to John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, and private tutor to the Prince of Wales (later King George III). With a generous pension from the king, he settled in Edinburgh (1779), where he died. The History of the Rebellion of 1745 was published in 1802. Some of his poems: "Epistle to the Earl of Eglintoun," "Gill Morice, an Ancient Scottish Poem," "In Imitation of Gill Moris," "Prologue on the Birthday of the Prince of Wales," "The Fate of Caesar," "Verses upon Inveraray."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). Online Classic Encyclopedia - LoveToKnow (http://www.1911encyclopedia.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Home — (h[=o]m; 110), n. [OE. hom, ham, AS. h[=a]m; akin to OS. h[=e]m, D. & G. heim, Sw. hem, Dan. hiem, Icel. heimr abode, world, heima home, Goth. haims village, Lith. k[ e]mas, and perh. to Gr. kw mh village, or to E. hind a peasant; cf. Skr.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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